The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) announced the approval of a $17 million loan to support Barbados’ Public Sector Smart Energy program. The program’s resources are expected to be supplemented with a grant from the European Union (EU) of up to €5.8 million ($7.6 million at the time of the loan’s approval), the first such grant provided by the EU under a framework agreement with the IDB. This agreement facilitates cooperation in areas such as social cohesion and poverty reduction, regional integration and trade development, renewable energies and energy efficiency, and climate change and statistics.
The Public Sector Smart Energy program complements a broad range of policies, programs and actions Barbados is adopting to cut energy costs and reduce its dependence on imported fuel.
The IDB has been supporting the Government of Barbados in the adoption of policies and measures since 2008 in order to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency. Additionally, an Energy Smart Fund for the private sector is currently in operation, targeting small and business enterprises, including hotels, to facilitate the purchase of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency equipment. “Both the private and public sectors of the country will be actively contributing to the achievement of the overall objective of reducing the country’s fossil fuel dependency,” said Christiaan Gischler, IDB team leader of the Barbados’ Public Sector Smart Energy program.
Nearly 90 percent of the energy consumed in Barbados comes from imported
oil. According to government data, the fuel import bill is about 6 percent of GDP, equivalent to the country’s spending on education.
Under the combined IDB–EU funded program, Barbados will replace almost all its public street lights with energy efficient lamps, retrofit at least 12 government buildings with solar power systems, and deploy energy efficiency and conservation technologies throughout the public sector.
Combining all these measures, Barbados would save at least $45 million over 20 years that can be used for other purposes. The program would also contribute to reducing 132,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions over the same period.
The program will establish a government fleet of electric vehicles with charging dock stations and its own solar power system. “This is a pioneering project that could eventually be replicated in other Latin American and Caribbean countries,” added Gischler.
The program will also fund feasibility studies for an ocean power plant, the first of its kind in this region. It will also finance capacity building for government agencies and public information campaigns to raise citizens’ awareness about renewable energies and energy conservation.
Resources will also be applied to training technicians and professionals in key public sector agencies and in private sector suppliers of services such as solar system installation. The program will make emphasis on encouraging more women to participate in these activities.